TG311 – Steam Turbine Generator Controls For Industrial Plant Operators

TG311 – Steam Turbine Generator Controls For Industrial Plant Operators

4 days - 28 PDH Credits Awarded



Learn (or re-affirm) proper operation of the industrial steam turbine-generator from the perspective of the control room operators. Emphasis is on decision-making regarding safe and effective operation of industrial steam turbine generator equipment: TG Instruments / Controls, Starting and Loading Procedures/Considerations, and those Abnormal Events that occur all too often.  Equipment discussed is normally a function of the participants' background. Presentation includes industry events/case studies.  This course is intended for Control Room Operators, Shift Supervisors, Operations Superintendents, and Engineers. Learn how a machine is at risk in service.  Learn what are the symptoms of abnormal conditions and what might be proper corrective actions.  Learn the purpose and function of the turbine-generator controls, how they are properly operated, how the controls respond to system conditions and what is the type and purpose of various protective circuits.


Upon completion of this course the participant will be able to:
  1. Participants will become familiar with those industrial turbine-generator components susceptible to damage in abnormal or fault like conditions, the type of damage that could occur, and what the operator can (or cannot) do to correct for the situation.
  2. Participants will be able to describe normal steam turbine-generator operating procedures as well as the more routine (using that word loosely) abnormal events.
  3. Participants will be able to draw a simple block - diagram that describes all the elements of steam turbine controls: speed, load, and extraction pressure control, the generation of a servomechanism signal, feedback and regulation.
  4. Participants will be able to draw a simple block-diagram that describes all the elements of a generator voltage regulator including the generation of excitation power, manual control, auto voltage regulation, anti-hunt devices, and limiters.
  5. Participants will be describe in detail the process of synchronizing, including discussion on the effects of synchronizing errors.

Course Outline


  • Steam Turbine Fundamental Review: Theory, Turbine Sections and Component Descriptions
  • Turbine Systems: Lubricating Oil Systems, Seal Steam and Hydraulic Power Unit (where applicable). Emphasis is on abnormal operations as opposed to being a "system description".
  • TSI Interpretations: Eccentricity (Overview, Component Description, Use of Instrument and Data Interpretation), Speed Detection, Valve Position, Vibration (including discussion of causes within a steam turbine) and Metal Temperatures


  • Turbine Controls for the Operators: Speed Control, Load Control, Extraction Pressure Control, Limiters, Flow Control, Overspeed and Reset System, Overspeed Trip
  • Turbine Operations: Thermal Stress, Starting and Loading, Drains, Pre-warming Procedures, Normal Operations.
  • Abnormal Conditions: Oil Whip, Packing Rubs, Mechanical Unbalance, Cracked Rotors, Low Speed Operation, Low Frequency Operation, Vacuum Breaking


  • Generator Fundamentals: Principles of a Simple Generator, Principles of Large Generators, Generator Regulation, Active and Reactive Power, Operation of Paralleled Generators, Power Angle Relation and Instability
  • Generator Construction: Stator Assembly, Rotor Assembly, and Exciters
  • Excitation Systems: Introduction to Voltage Regulators, Transient Response of a Voltage Regulator, Stabilizing Circuits


  • Generator Operations: Prior to Startup, Startup, Shutdown, Power Factor Adjustment, Abnormal Operations, Relationship Between Operation, Protection and Alarms, Alarms, Protection when Generator is Off-Line, Tripping Methods, Protective Actions for Generator

Course is conducted on client site only

For open enrollment we would suggest TG307 as the instructor will accommodate your plant interests.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What is the cost for HPC Technical Service to deliver this course at our location? Well, of course that can vary, but generally speaking, if you're planning on having 6+ attend, when considering your T&L, it is to your advantage to perform the course at your plant (office).  You gain from the customization and price.
  • Can HPC Technical Services perform an audit of our operating procedures, or an In-Service Inspection? Yes we can.  Call or contact Stephen Parker, for our rate sheets and any further information required.

What you will receive

  1. 1 copy of HPC Technical Services' textbook, Steam Turbine Controls for Industrial Plant Operators, as written by Harold Parker.
  2. A Certificate of Completion with 2.8 PDH awarded.

Recently satisfied clients

ALCAN Aluminum, Boise Cascade Paper, Birla Carbon, Crestbrook Forest Industries, Daishowa Marubeni, Gulf States Power, Inland Steel, International Paper, Mosaic, US Steel, Weyerhaeuser, Wheelabrator Energy Systems,