TG308GE – (GE) Steam Turbine: Starting, Loading, & Shutdown

TG308GE – (GE) Steam Turbine: Starting, Loading, & Shutdown

2 days - 14 PDH Credits Awarded



The intent of this course is to enhance the participants understanding of Steam Turbine Starting, Loading and Shutdown Instructions (or procedures). These instructions and their interpretation have a direct impact upon the unit life-span, starting, and shut-down times.  The goal is to optimize the starting conditions and minimize the time required for a turbine roll-up.  It is our experience, not to be critical, but, all too often the startup procedures utilized in the plant have lost focus.  Knowledge is the key.  Personnel need to understand “why” and the better they understand the “why” the better they may implement procedures.   Recently, at a restart, one of our instructors was present for supportive purposes.  An operator, when asked why the 1st stage pressure/temperature was maintained at this value during pre-warming, told us that this is how the unit had been operated for 30-years.  Again, we asked the question, “Why?”  The control room operator did not have an answer.  If this operator understood why the OEM recommends particular conditions, he would have understood that the procedure implemented was consuming far more life than necessary (holding all else constant).  After attending this course, this operator will understand why recommendations are what they are. The course emphasizes why and how steam turbine parts are damaged; interpretation of the OEM recommendations; and what an operator can do (or cannot do) to optimize the start-up situation.  A topical outline includes:  Review of Steam Turbine Fundamentals, Use of TSI, Thermal Stress, Starting and Loading Instructions, and an Overview of Abnormal Events. This course is recommended for Control Room Operators, Shift Supervisors, Operations Superintendents, and Engineers. The course specifically targets GE steam turbines (see open enrollment schedule for dates), and due to their similarities applies to Toshiba and Hitachi units as well.


Upon completion of this course the participant will be able to:
  1. Describe thermal stress; how it is derived and what is the impact upon steam turbine components.
  2. Describe how personnel can minimize the negative impact of thermal stress while minimizing start-up times.
  3. Describe the importance of the Fracture Appearance Transition Temperature.
  4. Describe those Turbine Supervisory Instruments typically found to support starting and loading decision making.
  5. Demonstrate the ability to interpret the OEM starting and loading instructions.
  6. Demonstrate the knowledge necessary to apply the OEM starting and loading instructions to his/her application.
  7. Demonstrate an understanding of causes, indications, and required actions for common abnormal steam turbine operational events.

Course Outline

  1. Review of Steam Turbine Fundamentals: Energy Transfer, Theory of Operation, Turbine Components
  2. Turbine Supervisory Instruments important to Starting & Loading Instructions: Eccentricity, Shell (Casing) Expansion, Differential Expansion, Rotor Expansion, Metal Temperatures
  3. Thermal Stress: Definition, Tensile versus Compressive, Temperature Differentials, Cyclic Duty
  4. Starting Instructions: Prewarming (where applicable), Drains, Temperature Mismatch, Acceleration, Speed Holds, Synchronizing, Loading, Unloading (Normal), Unloading (Emergency)
  5. Abnormal Conditions: Excessive time off turning gear, vibration incidents (evaluation and action), rotor long, rotor short, water induction awareness, excessive temperature/pressures, loss of vacuum.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What is the cost for HPC Technical Service to deliver this course at our location? Well, of course that can vary, but generally speaking, if you're planning on having 6+ attend, when considering your T&L, it is to your advantage to perform the course at your plant (office).  You gain from the customization and price.
  • Can HPC Technical Services perform an audit of our operating procedures, or an In-Service Inspection? Yes we can.  Call or contact Stephen Parker, for our rate sheets and any further information required.

What you will receive

  1. 1 copy of HPC Technical Services' textbook, Starting & Loading Instructions, as written by Harold Parker.
  2. A Certificate of Completion with 14 PDH awarded.

Course Schedule / Location / Fee

See for detail on the course dates / locations / and registration fees. HPC’s 3-4-2 policy applies:  Sign up 3 for the same course/date, pay in advance, and pay for only 2 (the 3rd participant is free)! HPC Technical Services reserves the right to cancel any course/seminar within 10-working days of the scheduled date.  Fees are 100% refunded or credited to another Seminar (clients' choice) if HPC should cancel any Seminar.  HPC is not responsible for non-refundable airline tickets or other travel expenses under any circumstance.